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How does mental retardation affect a child?

Table of Contents
  1. How does mental retardation affect a child?
  2. What is mental retardation?
  3. What are some conditions that must be distinguished from mental retardation?
  4. What are the procedures in determining mental retardation among the students?
  5. What are the four classifications of mental retardation?
  6. What is borderline mental retardation?
  7. What do they call mental retardation now?
  8. Is it OK to say mentally challenged?
  9. How can mental retardation be prevented?
  10. Can mental retardation be treated?
  11. Is mental retardation genetic?
  12. What are the causes of intellectual disability?
  13. What is the difference between intellectual and developmental disability?
  14. What is the most common developmental disability?
  15. What are the 5 developmental disabilities?
  16. How can mental health affect a child’s development?
  17. What do you do when your child needs mental help?
  18. How can parents support children’s mental health?
  19. How do you explain mental illness to a child?
  20. How do I protect my child’s mental health?
  21. Does parenting affect mental health?
  22. What bad parenting can lead to?
  23. How parents affect their children’s personality?
  24. Who has more influence mother or father?
  25. What is the effect if parents interfere with children’s life too much?
  26. What affects a child’s personality?
  27. At what age is your personality fully developed?
  28. How does a bad childhood affect you?
  29. How does a child develop emotionally?
  30. What are the 5 stages of child development?
  31. What are the most important influences on a child’s emotional development?
  32. At what age does a child understand emotions?

How does mental retardation affect a child?

In children with severe or profound intellectual disability, there may be other health problems as well. These problems may include seizures, mood disorders (anxiety, autism, etc.), motor skills impairment, vision problems, or hearing problems.

What is mental retardation?

Mental retardation is present in about 2 to 3 percent of the population. It can be defined as cognitive ability that is markedly below average level and a decreased ability to adapt to one’s environment. The onset of the condition occurs during the developmental period, i.e., gestation through age 18 years.

What are some conditions that must be distinguished from mental retardation?

It is sometimes difficult to distinguish between mental retardation and other conditions currently covered by SSI, the so-called categorical disorders: autism, learning disability, borderline intellectual functioning, and organic mental disorders marked by specific behavioral phenotypes.

What are the procedures in determining mental retardation among the students?

The Wechsler and Binet scales remain the two dominant, language-loaded, individually administered intelligence tests used for the diagnosis of mental retardation in the United States.

What are the four classifications of mental retardation?

The condition is further divided into four levels of retardation based on IQ, which include mild mental retardation (IQ between 50-55 and 70), moderate mental retardation (IQ between 35-40 and 50-55), severe mental retardation (IQ between 20-25 and 35-40), and profound mental retardation (IQ below 20 or 25) (American …

What is borderline mental retardation?

Borderline intellectual functioning, also called borderline mental retardation (in the ICD-8), is a categorization of intelligence wherein a person has below average cognitive ability (generally an IQ of 70–85), but the deficit is not as severe as intellectual disability (below 70).

What do they call mental retardation now?

Change in Terminology: “Mental Retardation” to “Intellectual Disability”

Is it OK to say mentally challenged?

Terms like “differently abled,” physically or mentally “challenged,” “exceptional,” and “special needs” are generally well-intended, at least on the surface.

How can mental retardation be prevented?

Health and family planning, recognition of “at risk” situations, genetic counseling, prenatal care, antenatal diagnosis, neonatal screening and pediatric care are just a few of the preventive actions to safe-guard the birth of normal children and secure normal mental development.

Can mental retardation be treated?

A small study of 30 people with the most common inherited form of mental retardation has found encouraging evidence that some symptoms of the disorder can be alleviated with drugs.

Is mental retardation genetic?

Mental retardation is caused by a number of different factors. Among genetic disorders, Fragile X syndrome and Down syndrome are the commonest causes of mental retardation. Fragile X syndrome (FXS) is an inherited form of mental retardation.

What are the causes of intellectual disability?

What causes intellectual disability?

  • trauma before birth, such as an infection or exposure to alcohol, drugs, or other toxins.
  • trauma during birth, such as oxygen deprivation or premature delivery.
  • inherited disorders, such as phenylketonuria (PKU) or Tay-Sachs disease.
  • chromosome abnormalities, such as Down syndrome.

What is the difference between intellectual and developmental disability?

Developmental disabilities are a group of conditions due to an impairment in physical, learning, language, or behavior areas . These conditions begin during development in youth. The term developmental disability encompasses people with intellectual disabilities but also includes physical disabilities.

What is the most common developmental disability?

The most common developmental disability is intellectual disability. Cerebral palsy is the second most common developmental disability, followed by autism spectrum disorder.

What are the 5 developmental disabilities?

Examples of developmental disabilities include autism, behavior disorders, brain injury, cerebral palsy, Down syndrome, fetal alcohol syndrome, intellectual disability, and spina bifida. For more information, see the Developmental Disabilities Assistance and Bill of Rights Act of 2000.

How can mental health affect a child’s development?

As early experiences shape the architecture of the developing brain, they also lay the foundations of sound mental health. Disruptions to this developmental process can impair a child’s capacities for learning and relating to others — with lifelong implications.

What do you do when your child needs mental help?

Common treatment options for children who have mental health conditions include:

  1. Psychotherapy. Psychotherapy, also known as talk therapy or behavior therapy, is a way to address mental health concerns by talking with a psychologist or other mental health professional.
  2. Medication.

How can parents support children’s mental health?

Find time to talk, just the two of you – ‘Check in’ with them while you’re doing things together, so they get used to talking about their feelings. Play together – Play helps them to be curious, learn new things, solve problems and express feelings without words.

How do you explain mental illness to a child?

Stick with clear and age-appropriate information. Explain as simply as possible how your mental health affects how you feel and how you behave. Make regular time to talk to older children about how they are feeling. Be available to listen if they are having problems or if they just want to talk.

How do I protect my child’s mental health?

Ways to Help Protect Your Child’s Mental Health

  1. Love your child unconditionally.
  2. Encourage your children to talk about their feelings and validate their feelings.
  3. Listen first, then talk.
  4. Allow plenty of time for play and fun activities.
  5. Discipline with respect and teaching, not shame.
  6. Ask your child about their day.

Does parenting affect mental health?

Parenting is considered a key risk factor in the development of early psychopathology [18]. Low levels of sensitive parenting and greater use of harsh discipline have been causally linked to the development of behavioural problems [19]. Crucially, however, parenting is amenable to change.

What bad parenting can lead to?

Bad parenting makes a child more prone to criminal behaviors. Neglected children and those who are exposed to abuse are more likely to be prosecuted for juvenile delinquency. Other common effects of bad parenting include failure to thrive and poor growth and development both physically and mentally.

How parents affect their children’s personality?

Authoritative parenting styles tend to result in children who are happy, capable, and successful. Permissive parenting often results in children who rank low in happiness and self-regulation. These children are more likely to experience problems with authority and tend to perform poorly in school.

Who has more influence mother or father?

Mothers Remain the Dominant Influence The most recent numbers show 28% of adult children saying their father was the more influential parent, compared to 22% in 1951. Even so, both in 1951 and presently, Americans continue to be more likely to say that mothers were the dominant influence in their lives.

What is the effect if parents interfere with children’s life too much?

Parents who exert too much control over their children could be causing them lifelong psychological damage, according to a study which tracked a group of people born in the 1940s until the present day.

What affects a child’s personality?

The answers that readily come to mind include the influences of parents, peers, temperament, a moral compass, a strong sense of self, and sometimes critical life experiences such as parental divorce. Social and personality development encompasses these and many other influences on the growth of the person.

At what age is your personality fully developed?

When we’re maturing, however, these traits are still forming. By the age of 30, the majority of people have reached maturity. But according to Buss, that doesn’t mean the five traits are completely set in stone. He says that after the age of 30, people generally become less neurotic (and thus more emotionally stable).

How does a bad childhood affect you?

Individuals who experienced negative developmental experiences in childhood may lack social skills and the desire for closeness in adulthood. As a result, many adults may avoid closeness with others and prefer to isolate themselves, which can rob them of healthy interpersonal relationships and communication skills.

How does a child develop emotionally?

Parents and caregivers play the biggest role in social/emotional development because they offer the most consistent relationships for their child. Consistent experiences with family members, teachers and other adults help children learn about relationships and explore emotions in predictable interactions.

What are the 5 stages of child development?

Five Stages of Child Development

  • Newborn. During the first month of life, newborns exhibit automatic responses to external stimuli.
  • Infant. Infants develop new abilities quickly in the first year of life.
  • Toddler.
  • Preschool.
  • School age.

What are the most important influences on a child’s emotional development?

Families are the first and most important influence on a child’s social-emotional development. For the most part families naturally fulfill this responsibility by simply being responsive to their child’s needs and providing a safe environment to grow and learn.

At what age does a child understand emotions?

Babies begin exploring their world with little concept of social cues or situations, but by the time they are just 3 years old, they can correctly label and recognize emotions, as well as identify them in situations.